The major end-users of the base metal include the following sectors: transportation, packaging, construction, electrical engineering and machinery manufacturing.
Aluminium is a silver-colored, low density (2.7 g/cc) metal that finds use in a huge variety of commercial applications. Unalloyed aluminium is ductile, exhibits moderate strength, and is very resistant to corrosion under most circumstances. Aluminium can be dramatically strengthened by the addition of appropriate alloying elements (Cu, Mg, Mn, Si, etc.) and subsequent heat/work treatments. Aluminium is commonly used in both wrought and cast forms.
The low density of aluminium results in its extensive use in the aerospace industry, and in other transportation fields. Its resistance to corrosion leads to its use in food and chemical handling (cookware, pressure vessels, etc.) and to architectural uses.
Aluminium Alloy Ingots of various grades are re-melted and further processed into a large number of alloys for various applications.
Aluminium Alloys have specification set by a number of organizations and governmental bodies that have specified physical and chemical properties for differing end uses. These include Aluminium Association and EN designated specifications examples of which are given in the table.
The Limassol factory will concentrate scrap aluminium in all forms (including everything that traditional smelters cannot handle like Aluminium foils). The collected scrap Aluminium will, where possible, be segregated into individual alloys on receipt by using specialist laser analysis equipment. ZEME will also endeavour to train suppliers to pre-segregate materials in order to add value to their products.
Following preliminary segregation and cleaning, batches of Aluminium will be melted using ZEME’s Novel Equipment to create ingots. The ingots will be subjected to rigorous testing by ZEME scientific team, who will then calculate the specific additions of other metals and compounds required to create new high value alloys. Novel variable frequency electromagnetic induction furnaces will be used to create the alloys.
The Current Eco High Tech Factory will have a capacity of about 25,000 tons annually with possibility of expanding to 85,000 tons within the first 3 years of operation. ZEME intends to expand in other European Markets in the future.